Born in Paris in 1858, Luce became a printmaker at the Atelier Eugène Froment in 1876, and later enrolled at l'Académie Suisse. Luce displayed his work at the Salon des indépendants in 1887, where he met up-and-coming members of the neo-impressionist movement such as Camille Pissarro, Georges Seurat, and Paul Signac. He became one of their league, and regularly participated in the salons. In 1899, the Gallery Durand-Ruel held an important solo exhibition for him. In 1909, he succeeded Signac's position as vice chairman of the Salon des indépendants. In 1921, he took part in the "Trente ans d'Art Indépendant, 1884-1914" at the Grand Palais. In 1934 he was voted chairman of the Société des Artistes Indépendants.