Born in Taichung. After graduating from Taipei Normal School in 1922, Liao Chi-chun studied in Japan at Tokyo Fine Arts School. While in Japan, Liao was strongly influenced by contemporary developments in Western art.Liao was a co-founder of both the Ruddy Island Association and the Taiyang Fine Arts Association. He was also an art professor at National Taiwan Normal University until his retirement in 1973. In 1957, he encouraged his students to form the Fifth Moon Group in Taiwan. In 1962 he toured Europe and the United States at the invitation of the USA State Department. Later, he changed into a new art style in pink color and his distinguished characteristic became matured. Liao received the Golden Cup Award for Chinese Painting from the Chinese Painting Society and the Sun Yat sen Foundation's Literary Awards. He passed away in Taipei in 1976. The Liao family donated several Liao's paintings to the Taipei Fine Arts Museum.