Hans Hartung (1904-1989), a renowned German artist who lived in France, was known for his abstract and expressionist style. In 1924, Hartung enrolled in Germany's Leipzig University to study philosophy and history before continuing his education at the Fine Arts Academy of Dresden. During this period, the modern French and Spanish works at the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden exerted a profound and lasting impact on Hartung's life as an artist. Later on, the changes in Germany's political climate prompted him to move to Paris, France.In 1947, the artist held his first solo exhibition in Paris. By the late 1950s, Hartung was in the public spotlight for his gestural paintings, and his artistic achievements were given due recognition. His rhythmic brushstrokes and scratches made him a household name. In 1960, he was presented the International Grand Prix for painting at the Venice Biennale. Hartung became known as one of the most important artists from the School of Paris, and his works had a huge influence on the abstract expressionism and lyrical expressionism painting style that developed subsequently in the United States. Since Hartung held his first solo exhibition in Galerie Lydia Conti, Paris, in 1947, he had gone on to hold multiple exhibitions in Europe and the United States, including being part of the Kassel Documenta in Germany (1955), and in venues such as a Galerie de France in 1956, Galerie Craven (1956), Guggenheim Museum (1953-1954), Paris Musée National d'Art Moderne (1969), The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York City (1975), Paris Museum of Modern Art (1980), National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts (1997), and The Museum der bildenden Künste in Leipzig, Germany, among others.
Hans HARTUNG 漢斯．哈同